INSTRUCTION MANUAL - Nikon F70 Manual

INSTRUCTION MANUAL - Nikon F70 Manual

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INSTRUCTION MANUAL - Page 1

INSTRUCTION MANUAL E

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FOREWORD - Page 2

3 2 FOREWORD ............................................................................ 4 NOMENCLATURE ....................................................... 5-11 BASIC OPERATION .................................................. 12-25 MOUNTING LENS .................................................................... 13 INSTALLING BATTERIES .......................................................... 14 CHECKING BATTERY POWER ................................................... 15 LOADING FILM .................................................................. 16-18 BASIC SHOOTING ............

NOMENCLATURE - Page 3

5 4 FOREWORD Thank you for purchasing the new Nikon F70/F70 D camera. Although the F70/F70 D camera offers many exciting features, it is easy to operate. The F70/F70 D camera's Command Control Input System enables you to set camera function and shooting mode by just pressing buttons that are colour-coordinated with their corresponding images in the large LCD. With the built-in flash, which offers many advanced functions including 3D Multi- Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash, you will enjoy advanced flash photography and make better flash pictures than ever before. Get to know your F70/F70 D camera,..

FUNCTION - Page 4

7 6 1 Focusing ring: Used for manual focus (pp. 40-42) 2 Focus mode selector: AF for Autofocus (pp. 31-37); M for Manual focus (pp. 40-42) 3 Lens release button 4 Remote terminal: For optional Nikon Remote Cord MC- 12B 5 Flash lock-release button 6 Camera strap eyelet 7 QR call (OUT) button 8 Function button ( FUNCTION button)* 9 Function set*/self-timer button ( SET / ! button)* !p QR set (IN)/film rewind button (p. 20 and pp.70-71 for Quick Recall function) !q Built-in flash (pp. 94-104) !w Accessory shoe: For Nikon dedicated Speedlights. !e Film plane indicator: Exact distance from lens ..

D - Page 5

9 8 1 Quick Recall function 2 Shutter speed 3 Vari-Program set indicator 4 Aperture 5 Film loading 6 Battery 7 Film advance/rewind 8 Focus area 9 Frame counter/ISO speed/self-timer duration/ compensation value !p Self-timer !q Function Area indicator !w Auto Exposure Bracketing/Flash Exposure Bracketing* !e Exposure compensation/Flash Output Level Compensation* !r Flash sync mode* !t Metering system* !y Exposure mode*/Flexible Program !u Focus mode* !i Film advance mode* !o Film speed setting mode* LCD panel indications 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11..

F70/F70 - Page 6

11 10 F70/F70 D 's Command Input Control System Using FUNCTION and SET / ! buttons plus command dial, set desired functions/modes indicated in LCD panel Function Zone. The Function Zone contains eight Function Areas— Film Speed Setting Mode Area, Film Advance Mode Area, Focus Mode Area, Exposure Mode Area, Metering System Area, Flash Sync Mode Area, Exposure Compensation/Flash Output Level Compensation Area, and Auto Exposure Bracketing/Flash Exposure Bracketing Area. (The example illustrated in the following procedure shows the setting of Shutter-Priority Auto exposure mode.) 1 Turn on t..

BASIC OPERATION - Page 7

13 12 BASIC OPERATION This section shows you how to prepare the camera for shooting— e.g., how to mount lens, load film, etc.—as well as how to actually take pictures. Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned photo- grapher, you should master this section before proceeding further. MOUNTING LENS 1 Remove camera body cap and front and rear lens caps. 2 Position lens in the camera's bayonet mount so that the mounting indexes on lens and camera body are aligned. Taking care not to press lens release button, twist lens counterclockwise until it locks into place. To remove Push and hold len..

About exposure meter - Page 8

15 14 INSTALLING BATTERIES 1 Make sure the power switch is set at OFF position, then open battery chamber cover by sliding the lock release. 2 Insert two CR123A lithium batteries with "+" and "–" ends positioned as illustrated inside the cover. 3 Close the cover by pushing until it clicks. When installing/replacing batteries, always read "NOTES ON BATTERIES" on page 119. CHECKING BATTERY POWER Slide power switch to ON position, and confirm that a full battery mark ( I ) appears on LCD panel, indicating sufficient battery power. The battery mark and exposure indications automatically turn ..

LOADING FILM - Page 9

17 16 LOADING FILM The loading film procedure on pages 16 to 17 shows how to load film with auto film speed setting for DX- coded films. • To avoid fogging film (especially high-ISO film), do not load/unload film in direct sunlight. • Usable film speed range for DX-coded film is ISO 25 to 5000. • For non-DX coded film, see p. 27. 1 Confirm whether DX for DX-coded film is shown on LCD panel. • If not, set auto film speed setting mode by using FUNCTION button, SET / ! button and command dial ( see page 27). 2 Slide camera back lock release down to open camera back. 3 Install film. Ins..

BASIC SHOOTING - Page 10

19 18 6 Gently close camera back until lock release snaps closed. 7 Fully depress shutter release button to advance film to frame #1. Confirm frame counter shows 1 and R symbol appears on LCD panel. • If film is incorrectly positioned, E remains, Y symbol blinks and shutter is locked. Open camera back and reload film properly. • If non-DX-coded film or film with an unacceptable DX code is loaded, the Err , B and N marks in LCD panel blink and the shutter is locked. Set IS0 speed manually (see p. 27). BASIC SHOOTING This section features the settings for most common picture-taking situat..

For details about QR function, see pages 70 to 71. - Page 11

21 20 4 Hold camera. Grasp the camera handgrip with your right hand. Use your left hand to cradle the camera with the elbow propped against your body for support, as you look through the viewfinder. Use your right hand index finger to press shutter release button. 5 Look through the viewfinder and position focus brackets on main subject. Although the viewfinder covers approx. 92% of the image area of the actual photograph, a negative film will show you an image larger than what you see through the viewfinder. Note: The image in a slide film may be partially cropped by the mount. Also, the e..

Note on Single Servo AF with a stationary subject - Page 12

23 22 6 Lightly press shutter release button to start autofocus operation and switch exposure meter on. With a stationary subject, confirm that the in-focus indicator u appears on the viewfinder’s LCD readout. With a moving subject, confirm that Focus Tracking indicator y appears. Confirm, too, that the shutter speed and aperture indications are shown inside viewfinder. (Exposure readouts also appear in the camera’s external LCD panel.) • If † appears, subject is located closer than the lens’ closest focusing distance. Move away from the subject and refocus. • If y blinks in the..

Silent film rewind - Page 13

25 24 7 To take picture, fully depress shutter release button. Camera automatically advances film by one frame, and LCD frame counter increases by one. Shutter speed/aperture indications in LCD panel and inside viewfinder turn off approx. 2 sec. after you release shutter and take your finger off shutter release button. REWINDING FILM 1 When film reaches its end of roll, film advance stops automatically and shutter locks. · and Y symbol blink in LCD panel, and · blinks inside viewfinder. (Those symbols stop blinking and stay on when the exposure meter is automatically switched off.) Silent..

This chapter explains the various modes of the F70/F70 - Page 14

27 26 GENERAL FUNCTIONS This chapter explains the various modes of the F70/F70 D camera’s operation. Please review it thoroughly. FILM SPEED SETTING MODE The F70/F70D offers two ways to set film speed—automatic film speed setting for DX-coded film and manual film speed setting. Automatic film speed setting for DX-coded films Usable film speed range for DX-coded film is ISO 25 to ISO 5000. Make sure N is shown on the LCD panel. If not, hold FUNCTION button and rotate command dial until the Function Area indicator appears in the Film Speed Setting Mode Area and B blinks. Then hold SET / !..

FILM ADVANCE MODE - Page 15

29 28 FILM ADVANCE MODE There are four automatic film advance modes. Hold FUNCTION button and rotate command dial until the Function Area indicator appears in the Film Advance Mode Area and V , Z , X or C blinks, then hold SET / ! button and rotate command dial until desired symbol appears. Set V for single-frame shooting, X for continuous low-speed shooting, Z for continuous high-speed shooting, or C for silent rewind, and so on. V Single-frame shooting and C silent rewind Fully depressing shutter release button takes one picture and automatically advances film by one frame. Film is advanc..

Spot Area AF - Page 16

31 30 > Spot Area AF Spot Area AF, in which the focus detecting area is shown by the 3mm-dia. circle at the centre of the viewfinder, is recommended in the following situations: a . Subject considerably smaller than the Wide-Area focus brackets* b. Subject obscured by an object, such as a fence, in the foreground c. A particular portion of the subject must be in focus, such as the eyes in a portrait d. Strongly backlit subject, such as someone standing beside bright window** * Lock focus. See “AUTOFOCUS WITH MAIN SUBJECT OFF CENTRE” on pages 36 to 37. ** To give correct exposure on y..

With a stationary subject: - Page 17

33 32 ˚ Single Servo AF You lightly press shutter release button, the lens starts adjusting for focus. Because the priority is on correct focus, the shutter locks until the stationary subject is in focus (with u ) or until the moving subjects expected to be in focus (with y ). After focus is achieved with a stationary subject, the focus remains locked for as long as shutter release button is lightly pressed. This feature is useful, especially when recomposing the picture with the mains subject off centre. However, if the camera-to-subject distance changes, you have to refocus. With a stati..

Continuous Servo AF with Release-Priority - Page 18

35 34 Stationary subject is in focus Moving subject is expected to be in focus  Continuous Servo AF with Release-Priority Under some conditions, such as very fast action situations, you may want to take a picture even if focus has not been successfully accomplished. In such cases, use this mode. In Continuous Servo autofocus mode, as you lightly press shutter release button, focus detection begins and the lens focuses for as long as you keep shutter release button lightly pressed. Since the priority is on shutter release, you can fully depress shutter release button regardless of focus s..

AUTOFOCUS WITH MAIN SUBJECT OFF CENTRE - Page 19

37 36 AUTOFOCUS WITH MAIN SUBJECT OFF CENTRE As previously noted, in Single Servo autofocus, focus is locked as long as shutter release button is kept lightly pressed. Use this feature for off-centre subjects. • If there is substantial difference of brightness between subject and background, switch to Centre-Weighted or Spot Metering and use AE-L button. See pages 74 to 75. 1 Position reference circle for Spot AF on the subject and lightly press shutter release button to start autofocus operation. 2 Confirm in-focus indicator u appears in viewfinder. 3 Keeping shutter release button light..

SPECIAL FOCUSING SITUATIONS - Page 20

39 38 SPECIAL FOCUSING SITUATIONS Autofocus operation depends on general lighting, subject contrast and detail, and other technical factors. In rare situations where autofocus (and manual focus with Electronic Rangefinder) is not possible, y blinks telling you to focus manually with clear matte field (p. 42) or perform autofocus on another subject located at same distance. A. Very dark subject Focus manually with clear matte field, or for Single Servo AF, focus on another brighter subject located at same distance, lock focus, then recompose (pp. 36-37). Or, use a Nikon AF Speedlight (SB-28,..

Manual focus with Electronic Rangefinder - Page 21

41 40 MANUAL FOCUS To focus manually, set the focus mode selector to M . (If the lens has an A-M switch, set it to M. If you are using an AF-S/ AF-I Nikkor lens, set the focus mode ring to M or M/A.) There are two ways of assuring precise manual focus: with the Electronic Rangefinder or with the viewfinder’s clear matte field. Manual focus with Electronic Rangefinder The Electronic Rangefinder enables you to see focus status with the viewfinder indications while you are rotating the lens focusing ring. It works with most Nikon lenses (including AF Nikkor when operated manually) which have..

SELECTING METERING SYSTEM - Page 22

43 42 Look through viewfinder and rotate lens focusing ring until image on clear matte field appears sharp. Manual focus using clear matte field i Matrix Metering This system is ideal for quick operation in any exposure mode (pages 46 to 60). With D-type Nikkor lenses (including AF-S/ AF-I Nikkor lenses), 3D Matrix Metering is automatically activated. 3D Matrix Metering uses three types of data: (1) scene brightness, (2) scene contrast and (3) focused subject’s distance (Distance Information). Data on scene brightness and contrast are detected by the camera’s eight-segment Advanced Matr..

Centre-Weighted Metering - Page 23

45 44 o Centre-Weighted Metering With approx. 75% of the meter's sensitivity concentrated on the 12mm-dia. circle in the viewfinder and approx. 25% outside this circle, this meter becomes useful in situations where you want to base exposure on a specific area in the scene. In the auto exposure mode, to measure the brightness of the pictures off-centre portion, use the AE-L button (pp. 74-75). p Spot Metering Nearly 100% of the meter's sensitivity is concentrated on the 3mm circle in the centre of the viewfinder. Use this meter for really selective exposure control—achieving the best resul..

SELECTING EXPOSURE MODE - Page 24

47 46 EXPOSURE MODE Selecting the exposure control mode means deciding if you want the shutter speed and/or lens aperture to be set automatically or manually. The Nikon F70/F70 D camera offers two types of programmed auto exposure modes, Auto-Multi Program ( A ) and Vari- Program ( S ), as well as Shutter-Priority Auto ( F ), Aperture- Priority Auto ( D ), and Manual ( G ) exposure modes. SELECTING EXPOSURE MODE Light reaching the film is controlled by shutter speed and lens aperture. The proper combination results in a correct exposure. Shutter speed and lens aperture settings are based on..

Pictures taken at different shutter speeds - Page 25

49 48 Shutter-Priority Auto exposure mode You manually set the shutter speed you want. To freeze the action, use a high shutter speed; to create motion effects, choose a slower shutter speed. The F70/F70 D ’s microcomputer automatically sets the proper aperture to match the manually selected shutter speed for correct exposure. See pages 52 to 54 for Shutter-Priority Auto operation. Note that Shutter-Priority Auto exposure mode operates only with Nikon lenses that have a built-in CPU (AF Nikkor and AI-P Nikkor lenses). Aperture-Priority Auto exposure mode You can control depth of field by ..

For users of lenses that have no CPU, - Page 26

51 50 SETTING EXPOSURE MODE Hold FUNCTION button and rotate command dial until the Function Area indicator appears in the Exposure Mode Area and A , F , D or G blinks. Then hold SET/ ! button and rotate command dial until desired symbol appears. A for Auto-Multi Program F for Shutter-Priority Auto D for Aperture-Priority Auto G for Manual To activate Vari-Program, use Ps button. For details, see page 62. For users of lenses that have no CPU, or accessories such as bellows attachment or extension rings Use Aperture-Priority Auto or Manual exposure mode. Programmed Auto (including Vari-Progra..

OPERATION IN SHUTTER-PRIORITY AUTO EXPOSURE MODE - Page 27

53 52 1 Set lens to its minimum aperture setting (highest f-number). With AF Nikkor and AI-P Nikkor lenses, lock lens aperture at minimum setting (refer to lens instruction manual). 2 Hold FUNCTION button and rotate command dial until the Function Area indicator appears in the Exposure Mode Area and exposure mode symbol blinks. Hold SET / ! button and rotate command dial until F appears on LCD panel. F also appears in the viewfinder. OPERATION IN SHUTTER-PRIORITY AUTO EXPOSURE MODE If “bulb” is set on the camera, selecting the Shutter-Priority Auto exposure mode will cause fi to blink..

OPERATION IN APERTURE-PRIORITY AUTO EXPOSURE MODE - Page 28

55 54 5 To take a picture, fully depress shutter release button. * Shows value difference from correct exposure. If difference is beyond ±1 EV, ˇ for underexposure or † for overexposure appears. If ⁄ appears with electronic analog display*––Overexposure alert: Select higher shutter speed or use Nikon ND filter. If ¤ appears with electronic analog display*–––Underexposure alert: Select slower shutter speed, or use built-in flash or accessory Nikon Speedlight. If green j mark appears––Flash photography is recommended: If subject brightness is insufficient, flash recommend..

° - Page 29

57 56 If meter has automatically turned off and LCD panel is off, turn meter on again by lightly pressing shutter release button. With lenses having no CPU, ° appears instead of aperture value in LCD panel and viewfinder. With AI-type lenses including AI-modified Nikkor lenses: Confirm aperture value on lens barrel. With lenses having fixed aperture, such as Reflex- Nikkor lenses: Aperture cannot be changed. With lenses having no auto diaphragm such as PC- Nikkor lenses: Switch to Manual exposure mode (pages 58 to 60). 3 Look inside viewfinder, compose and lightly press shutter release but..

Electronic analog display examples - Page 30

59 58 1 Hold FUNCTION button and rotate command dial until the Function Area indicator appears in the Exposure Mode Area and exposure mode symbol blinks. Hold SET / ! button and rotate command dial until G appears on LCD panel. G also appears in the viewfinder. • If using an AF Nikkor or AI-P lens, make sure it is not locked to smallest aperture before proceeding to next step. OPERATION IN MANUAL EXPOSURE MODE 2 Remove finger from SET / ! button, set shutter speed by rotating command dial. • In Manual exposure mode, you can set shutter speed to fi for long time exposure by rotating com..

WHAT IS VARI-PROGRAM? - Page 31

61 60 With lenses having no CPU, ° appears instead of aperture value in LCD panel and viewfinder. With AI-type lenses including AI-modified Nikkor lenses: Confirm aperture value on lens barrel. With lenses having fixed aperture, such as Reflex- Nikkor lenses: Aperture cannot be changed. Adjust exposure by changing shutter speed. With lenses having no auto diaphragm such as PC- Nikkor lenses: Lens is stopped down when a smaller aperture (larger f-number) is selected. Focus manually with the lens set at maximum aperture. 4 To take the picture, fully depress shutter release button. USING VARI..

Use Nikkor lenses with CPU such as AF Nikkor or AI-P- - Page 32

63 62 SETTING VARI-PROGRAM Use Nikkor lenses with CPU such as AF Nikkor or AI-P- Nikkor lenses and be sure to set lens aperture to the minimum setting. Press Vari-Program ( Ps ) button and confirm exposure mode symbol ( A , F , D or G ) starts blinking. While holding Ps button, rotate command dial until S appears in the Exposure Mode Area and Vari-Program set indicator appears under your desired Vari-Program symbol. Then remove your finger from Ps button. To cancel Vari-Program While pressing Ps button and rotate command dial until Vari- Program set indicator disappears. Then remove your fi..

VARI-PROGRAM SELECTION GUIDE - Page 33

65 64 x Hyperfocal Program Use this Program when photographing landscapes and other subjects that encompass great depth. The effect becomes more pronounced if there is an interesting foreground within the scene. Hyperfocal Program tends to select a slow shutter speed and smaller aperture to assure both subject and background in focus. To avoid camera shake, use a tripod. Recommended AF Nikkor lenses: 50mm or wider angle lenses. c Landscape Program Use this Program whenever you're making a picture of a distant scene. Don't use flash—the scene may be too far. Landscape Program tends to sele..

slow shutter speed - Page 34

67 66 n Silhouette Program Effective only when the background is bright and the subject is in shadow or comparatively dark. The result is dramatic with a wideangle lens although a telephoto can also be used. Excellent for sunsets with dark foreground silhouette or pictures of people against the sky. Do not use flash. Silhouette Program tends to select a slow shutter speed to produce effectively silhouetted pictures. To avoid camera shake, use a tripod. Recommended AF Nikkor lenses: Choose your lens according to the desired effect. m Night Scene Program Use this Program in the evening or at ..

FLASH SYNC MODE - Page 35

69 68 FLASH SYNC MODE For flash photography with the built-in flash, the F70/F70 D offers five flash sync modes. Hold FUNCTION button and rotate command dial until the Function Area indicator appears in the Flash Sync Mode Area and j blinks in the area. Then hold SET / ! button and rotate command dial until desired symbol appears. Set j for Normal Sync*, jk for Red-Eye Reduction, for Red-Eye Reduction with Slow Sync, for Slow Sync, or for Rear-Curtain Sync. * After removing your finger from SET / ! button to complete setting, j disappears. Normal Sync For most flash-shooting situations. For..

QR (QUICK RECALL) FUNCTION - Page 36

71 70 QR (QUICK RECALL) FUNCTION Settings for film advance mode, focus area, focus mode, metering system, exposure mode (including Vari-Program), flash sync mode and exposure compensation function can be memorised on the F70/F70 D 's microcomputer for easy recall. Four numbers are provided: 0 for the permanent default settings; 1, 2 and 3 for the custom settings. To memorise 1 Confirm film advance mode, focus area, focus mode, metering system, exposure mode (including Vari-Program) and flash sync mode set on the camera. If necessary, change settings as desired. 2 Press IN button and confirm..

EXPOSURE COMPENSATION - Page 37

73 72 SPECIAL FUNCTIONS This chapter explains advanced photographic techniques and applications including exposure compensation methods. It also shows you how to use the self-timer and how to perform long time exposure. EXPOSURE COMPENSATION Exposure compensation is a photographic technique that enables you to vary the final exposure settings from those measured by the camera’s light meter. Nikon’s 3D Matrix Metering employs methods of exposure calculation that automatically apply exposure compensation, depending upon scene brightness and contrast, and distance information. As a result,..

AUTO EXPOSURE LOCK FUNCTION WITH AE-L BUTTON - Page 38

75 74 1 Centre main subject inside viewfinder and/or move in closer until reference circle for Centre-Weighted metering or Spot metering is fully covered by the subject. 2 Lightly press shutter release button, and confirm shutter speed and aperture in viewfinder. AUTO EXPOSURE LOCK FUNCTION WITH AE-L BUTTON In the auto exposure mode, when you want to control exposure based on the brightness of a specific area within the scene, use Auto Exposure Lock function. For Auto Exposure Lock function, it is recommended that you should switch the metering system to Centre-Weighted or Spot. 3 Keep shut..

TO OBTAIN METER READING FOR A - Page 39

77 76 1 Centre main subject inside viewfinder and/or move in closer until reference circle for Centre-Weighted metering or Spot metering is fully covered by the subject. 2 Lightly press shutter release button. TO OBTAIN METER READING FOR A PARTICULAR SUBJECT IN MANUAL EXPOSURE MODE In Manual exposure mode, if you want to set exposure as desired on a particular subject, switch metering system to Centre-Weighted or Spot and use the following method. 3 Adjust shutter speed and aperture until electronic analog display shows desired exposure. 4 Recompose picture and shoot. • In Single Servo AF..

To confirm compensation value on the LCD panel - Page 40

79 78 1 Hold FUNCTION button and rotate command dial until the Function Area indicator indicates blinking h in the Exposure Compensation Area. Then hold SET / ! button and rotate command dial until desired compensation value appears in place of frame counter on LCD panel. h also appears inside viewfinder. (In the example above, +1 2 / 3 compensation is set.) To modify exposure control (i.e., from the ISO standard) use the exposure compensation function. You can modify exposure control from -5EV to +5EV in 1 / 3 steps is possible. In flash photography, flash output level is also compensated...

ALL MODE EXPOSURE BRACKETING - Page 41

81 80 In situations where you might find it difficult to obtain a proper exposure, All Mode Exposure Bracketing lets you shoot the same subject at three different exposures, with a varying exposure compensation degree of 0.3 EV, 0.5 EV, 0.7 EV or 1 EV. If you set a compensation degree of 0.5 EV, for example, you will take three pictures, the first shot having a -0.5 EV compensation, the second shot having no compensation and the third shot with a compensation of 0.5 EV. ALL MODE EXPOSURE BRACKETING 1 While pressing FUNCTION button, rotate command dial until the Function Area indicator indic..

LONG TIME EXPOSURE USING - Page 42

83 82 • In Programmed Auto exposure mode, shutter speed and aperture will vary. In Shutter-Priority Auto exposure mode, aperture will vary. In Aperture-Priority Auto and Manual exposure mode, shutter speed will vary. • When using All Mode Exposure Bracketing with Exposure Compensation function, the compensated value will be added. For example, If exposure has been compensated at +1 EV and you set All Mode Exposure Bracketing with 0.5 EV degree, the first shot will be taken with +0.5 EV compensation, the second shot with +1 EV compensation and the third shot with +1.5 EV compensation. ..

To cancel self-timer operation before shooting: - Page 43

85 84 SELF-TIMER OPERATION 1 Press self-timer ( SET/ ! ) button and confirm that ! starts blinking in LCD panel. While pressing SET/ ! button, rotate command dial one click so that ! stops blinking. Then remove finger from SET/ ! button. • To cancel self-timer, press SET/ ! button and rotate command dial so that ! disappears. 2 Look through the viewfinder, lightly press shutter release button, and confirm focus and exposure. 3 Fully depress shutter release button. The self-timer LED starts blinking. The shutter will release after 10 seconds. The self-timer LED blinks for eight seconds, th..

IMPORTANT NOTES ON PANORAMA PICTURES - Page 44

87 86 PANORAMA-SIZE SHOOTING (for use with F70 D only) In some cases, your local film processing lab may not be able to handle the printing of panorama-size pictures. For details, consult your local photo shop or camera dealer. Also, before you have your film processed, ask your local photo shop about possible options for processing panorama pictures. Note that panorama pictures are more expensive and require a longer processing time than regular-size pictures. 1) If an entire roll consists of panorama-size pictures, be sure to specify panorama processing, explain that your film consists en..

TAKING PANORAMA PICTURES - Page 45

89 88 PANORAMA PANORAMA QUARTZ D QUARTZ D PANORA PANORA Slide the panorama switch in the direction of the arrow until it clicks. Panorama-size shot indicators appear inside viewfinder. Compose so that your subject/scene is well within the panorama frame marks. • The frame of printed panorama pictures is slightly smaller than the frame exposed on film. • With a scene containing the sun, do not use a shutter speed of 1/15 sec. or slower. With a shutter speed of 1/15 sec. or slower, sunlight entering from the lens may damage the shutter curtains. Panorama picture IMPRINTING DATE/TIME (for ..

Position of imprinted date/time - Page 46

91 90 ADJUSTING DATE AND TIME TAKING PICTURE WITH IMPRINTED DATE/TIME 1 Push MODE button to select desired display—Year/ Month/Day, Day/Hour/Minute, Month/Day/Year or Day/Month/Year. Confirm date and time are correctly set. 2 Fully depress shutter release button to take picture with imprinted date/time. Data imprint indicator –– blinks for approx. two seconds immediately after the shutter is released. Position of imprinted date/time Panorama frame Regular-size frame Imprinted date/time may be difficult to read against bright colours such as white or reddish colours. 1 Push MODE button..

REPLACING BATTERY FOR IMPRINTING FUNCTION - Page 47

93 92 FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY Flash can be used not only in dim light, but also in bright conditions to fill in shadows with extra light. This technique is called "fill-flash." With the F70/F70 D 's built-in flash or any dedicated Nikon Speedlight, you can perform advanced fill-flash technique, Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash with TTL Multi-Sensor. This assures a correct and well-balanced exposure of both the main subject and the background. Make fill-flash a standard part of your photography. You can make better flash pictures than ever before. REPLACING BATTERY FOR IMPRINTING FUNCTION 1 Make sure..

USING BUILT-IN FLASH - Page 48

95 94 USING BUILT-IN FLASH When subject brightness is insufficient, the flash- recommended light (green j ) lights up inside the viewfinder when you lightly press shutter release button to activate the exposure meter. You can use the built-in flash anytime, regardless of ambient lighting. For example, if your subject is backlit, you can use the built-in flash to illuminate your subject and fill in shadows. Important! • Do not touch the flash when it is firing; normal operation can cause it to heat up. • Never fire the flash more than 20 consecutive times at intervals of 5 sec. or shorte..

BUILT-IN FLASH OPERATION - Page 49

97 96 F U N C T I O N BUILT-IN FLASH OPERATION 1 Press the flash lock-release to release and activate the built-in flash. • If continuous shooting ( Z or X ) is set on the camera, it automatically switches over to single-frame shooting ( V ) when the built-in flash pops up. In this case, Z or X blinks in LCD panel. • If Wide Area focus is set on the camera, it automatically switches over to Spot Area focus when the built-in flash pops up. In this case, < blinks in LCD panel, and e appears inside the viewfinder. 2 Set metering system to Matrix ( i ) and set exposure mode as desired. T..

FLASH SHOOTING DISTANCE RANGE - Page 50

99 98 FLASH SHOOTING DISTANCE RANGE SHUTTER SPEED/APERTURE FOR EACH EXPOSURE MODE When setting shutter speed and aperture, refer to the following table. Camera's exposure mode Programmed Auto ( A , S ) Automatically controlled from 1/125 sec. to 1/60 sec.* 1 Shutter-Priority Auto ( F ) Manually set as desired from 1/125 sec. to 30 sec.* 2 Set lens to its minimum aperture. Aperture is automatically controlled between f/2.8 and lens minimum aperture. Aperture-Priority Auto( D ) Automatically controlled from 1/125 sec. to 1/60 sec.* 1 Manual ( G ) Manually set as desired from 1/125 sec. to 30 ..

FLASH OUTPUT LEVEL COMPENSATION— - Page 51

101 100 FLASH OUTPUT LEVEL COMPENSATION— TO MAKE FLASH-ILLUMINATED SUBJECT BRIGHTER OR DARKER To manually adjust the flash light output level, use Flash Output Level Compensation. You can adjust the light output level from –3 EV to +1 EV in 1 / 3 steps. • Flash Output Level Compensation can be set only when the built-in flash is activated or when attached Nikon Speedlight is turned on. 1 Activate the built-in flash or turn on the attached Nikon Speedlight. 2 Hold FUNCTION button and rotate command dial until the Function Area indicator indicates blinking fg in the Compensation Area. T..

FLASH EXPOSURE BRACKETING - Page 52

103 102 FLASH EXPOSURE BRACKETING To bracket exposure in flash photography, use Flash Exposure Bracketing function. You can shoot the same subject at three different flash light output level, with a varying flash output level compensation degree of 0.3 EV, 0.5 EV, 0.7 EV or 1 EV. If you set a compensation degree of 0.5 EV, for example, you will take three pictures, the first shot having a -0.5 EV compensation, the second shot having no compensation and the third shot with a compensation of +0.5 EV. • Flash Exposure Bracketing can be set only when the built-in flash is activated or when at..

USING ACCESSORY NIKON SPEEDLIGHTS - Page 53

105 104 USABLE LENSES WITH BUILT-IN FLASH USING ACCESSORY NIKON SPEEDLIGHTS SPEEDLIGHT COMPATIBILITY The table below shows the available flash modes for each Nikon Speedlight. *1 In TTL auto flash mode, F70/F70 D camera performs Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash or Standard TTL Flash. For details, see pp. 98-99. For TTL auto flash mode, usable film speed range is ISO 25 to ISO 1000. *2 Set the camera's exposure mode to Aperture-Priority Auto or Manual. *3 The difference between SB-21A and SB-21B, or between SB-16A and SB-16B, is the type of controller attached. (For details, see specific Speedl..

TYPE OF TTL AUTO FLASH - Page 54

107 106 TYPE OF TTL AUTO FLASH With the Nikon Speedlight set for TTL auto flash (see chart on page 105 for compatibility), Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash (including 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash, Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash and Centre-Weighted Fill-Flash/Spot Fill-Flash) or Standard TTL Flash is performed. *1 In the Speedlight's LCD readout, H and K appear for 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash/Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash, or H and J appear for Centre-Weighted/Spot Fill-Flash. By pressing the Speedlight’s M button (or MODE button with the SB-28), you can cancel Automatic B..

WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH NIKON SPEEDLIGHTS - Page 55

• Use only Nikon Speedlights. Other units may damage the camera’s electrical circuits due to incompatible voltage requirements*, electric contact alignment or switch phase. * Not compatible with 250V or higher. • When using a special Speedlight such as a studio strobe system, with a time-lag provision or one with a long flash duration (i.e., Medical-Nikkor 120mm f/4), adjust shutter speed down to 1/100 sec. or slower. • Available maximum aperture for each film speed in Auto-Multi Program is: ISO film speed 25 50 100 200 400 800 1000 2.8 3.3 4 4.8 5.6 6.7 7.1 If you are using a lens ..

For your reference, the following charts show shutter - Page 56

111 110 For your reference, the following charts show shutter speed/aperture combination at each EV in flash photography with built-in flash: (a) Auto-Multi Program (b) Shutter-Priority Auto (c) Aperture-Priority Auto MISCELLANEOUS The Nikon F70/F70 D is a high-performance, precision instrument, designed to give you superior pictures. You’ll want to take good care of your camera to ensure the best performance. Take time to review this section thoroughly, and you will add to the pleasure of taking pictures. We’ve also included information about Nikkor lenses and a detailed section with t..

LENS COMPATIBILITY CHART - Page 57

113 112 LENSES The Nikon F70/F70 D is designed for autofocus photography with AF Nikkor lenses (except AF-Nikkor lenses for F3AF). However, most other Nikon lenses can be used for standard photography according to the conditions listed in the following chart. LENS COMPATIBILITY CHART R Compatible X Incompatible Focusing Exposure mode Metering system Lens Accessory Manual with Manual with Pro- Shutter- Aperture- Autofocus Electronic matte field grammed Priority Priority Manual Matrix Centre- Spot Rangefinder Auto Auto Auto Weighted AF Nikkor including D-type AF R R R R R R R R *1 R R Nikkor ..

ACCESSORY COMPATIBILITY - Page 58

115 114 u The following Nikkor lenses cannot be attached to the F70/F70 D (camera body or lens may be damaged): • Non-AI lenses • Fisheye 6mm f/5.6 • Fisheye OP 10mm f/5.6 • 200-600mm f/9.5 (Factory Serial No. 300490 or smaller) • ED 180-600mm f/8 (No. 174166 or smaller) • ED 360-1200mm f/11 (No. 174087 or smaller) • 400mm f/4.5 and 600mm f/5.6 with Focusing Unit AU-1 • PC 28mm f/4 (No. 180900 or smaller)* • PC 35mm f/2.8 (No. 906200 or smaller)* • Reflex 1000mm f/11 (No. 142361 to 143000)* • Reflex 2000mm f/11 (No. 200310 or smaller)* • AF Teleconverter TC-16A * Can..

CAMERA CARE TIPS - Page 59

117 116 CAMERA CARE TIPS 1. Do not touch the camera’s reflex mirror or focusing screen. Remove dust with a blower brush. 2. Do not touch the shutter curtains. 4. Clean the viewfinder eyepiece with a soft, clean cloth. Do not use alcohol. 5. Clean lens surface with a blower brush. To remove dirt and smudges, use a soft, clean cotton cloth or lens tissue moistened with ethanol (alcohol) or lens cleaner. Wipe in a circular motion from centre to outer edge, taking care not to leave traces and not to touch the other lens parts. Caution! A spray gun-type blower may damage the optical glass if u..

NOTES ON BATTERIES - Page 60

119 118 In certain cases, due to static electricity or poorly loaded batteries, the F70/F70D camera’s microcomputer may turn the camera off, even with fresh properly installed batteries. For the same reason, film may not advance properly. In each of these cases, to resume operation, simply turn the power off, then turn it on again, or remove batteries and install them again. Nikon cannot be held responsible for any malfunction resulting from the use of the camera other than as specified in this manual. NOTES ON BATTERIES 1. Keep batteries out of children’s reach. If someone accidentally..

SPECIFICATIONS - Page 61

121 120 SPECIFICATIONS Type of camera Integral-motor autofocus 35mm single-lens reflex Picture format 24mm x 36mm (standard 35mm film format) Panorama (for F70 D only): 13mm x 36mm Lens mount Nikon F mount Lens Nikkor and Nikon lenses having Nikon F mount* * With limitation; see chart on p. 112 Focus modes Autofocus, and Manual with Electronic Rangefinder Autofocus area Wide and Spot selectable Autofocus modes Single Servo AF and Continuous Servo AF Focus Tracking Automatically activated when subject moves Autofocus detection Nikon CAM274 autofocus module system Autofocus detection Approx. ..

123 - Page 62

123 122 Viewfinder illumination Automatically activates when exposure meter is on Film speed range ISO 25 to 5000 for DX-coded film; ISO 6 to 6400 can be manually set Film speed setting At DX position, automatically set to ISO speed of DX-coded film used; manual setting possible Film loading Film automatically advances to first frame when shutter release button is depressed once Film advance In single-frame and single-frame silent rewind mode, film automatically advances one frame when shutter is released; in continuous high or continuous low shooting mode, shots are taken as long as shutte..

* "Err" also blinks in the viewfinder. - Page 63

125 124 LCD Panel/Viewfinder Shutter Cause and Remedy O blinks in the LCD panel. Can be released. Batteries are nearing exhaustion. Have a fresh one ready. P blinks in the LCD panel (with or without blinking ‹ in the LCD panel and viewfinder). Locked. Batteries are just about exhausted.Turn the power off and replace battery with new one. ‹ and Y blink in the LCD panel.* Locked. Film is not correctly positioned. Reload film. ‹ N and B blink in the LCD panel.* Locked. Non-DX-coded film or film with unacceptable DX code is loaded although auto film speed setting mode is activated. Set fi..

127 - Page 64

127 126 LCD Panel/Viewfinder Shutter Cause and Remedy ⁄ blinks in Auto exposure mode. Can be released. Overexposure possible. ˚ or  blinks. Locked. Focus mode selector is set at AF even though a non-AF Nikkor lens is attached. Set focus mode selector to M . ¤ blinks in Auto exposure mode. Can be released. Underexposure possible. y blinks in the viewfinder. Depends on AF mode. Locked in Single Servo AF or can be released in Continuous Servo AF. Autofocus is impossible with the subject. Set focus mode selector to M and focus manually using clear matte field. † stays in the viewfinder..

ABOUT LCD - Page 65

129 128 LCD Panel/Viewfinder Shutter Cause and Remedy Green j lights up inside the viewfinder. Can be released. Your subject is too dark. Use built-in flash or Nikon Speedlight. Red j blinks inside the viewfinder after flash shooting. Can be released. Light might have been insufficient. Confirm shooting distance and, if necessary, move closer to the subject or select a wider aperture. < blinks in LCD panel and e appears inside the viewfinder. Can be released. Built-in flash or accessory Nikon Speedlight is turned on with Wide Area focus. Camera automatically resets focus area to Spot. AB..

GLOSSARY - Page 66

131 130 Depth of field The zone of sharpest focus in front of, behind and around the subject on which the lens is focused. When this zone of sharpness is large, the depth of field is said to be deep; when it is small, the depth of field is said to be shallow. Depth of field varies according to numerous factors such as focal length, aperture, shooting distance, etc. D-type Nikkor lenses Nikkor lenses that send to the F70/F70D’s microcomputer the Distance Information used for 3D Matrix Metering or 3D Multi- Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash (with Nikon SB-28/SB-28DX/SB-27/ SB-26/SB-25 Speedlight)...

133 - Page 67

133 132 Focus Tracking Enables the camera to analyze the speed of the moving subject according to the focus data detected, and to obtain correct focus by anticipating the subject’s position—and driving the lens to that position—at the exact moment of exposure. f-number The numbers on the lens aperture ring and on the camera’s LCD which indicate the relative size of the lens aperture opening. The f-number series is a geometric progression based on changes in the size of the lens aperture, as it is opened and closed. As the scale rises, each number is multiplied by the factor 1.4. The..

135 - Page 68

135 134 Standard TTL Flash A type of TTL auto flash that does not apply any automatic flash output level compensation. Flash output is controlled independently from the ambient light exposure measurement and, in most cases, illuminates a subject somewhat more strongly than with Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash, making the subject stand out distinctly from the background. TTL auto flash The camera’s light sensor measures flash illumination, as reflected by the subject on the film and shuts off the flash when measurement indicates correct exposure. Because the sensor that controls the flash re..

Printed in Japan 9&046-AO06 (S112) - Page 69

No reproduction in any form of this manual, in whole or in part (except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews), may be made without written authorisation from NIKON CORPORATION. NIKON CORPORATION FUJI BLDG., 2-3, MARUNOUCHI 3-CHOME, CHIYODA-KU, TOKYO 100-8331, JAPAN Printed in Japan 9&046-AO06 (S112) =

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